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Brief Descriptions of Program


Brief Descriptions of Program Line Items in ETA Budget

(The programs below may be funded in the current budget and/or historical budgets.)

Adult Training Grants
Authorized by Title II, Part A, of the Job Training Partnership Act, Adult Training Grants is a formula-funded, State-operated program which provides training, and related education and employment services to economically disadvantaged adults.

Adult Employment and Training Activities
Authorized by Title I of the Workforce Investment Act, Adult Employment and Training Activities replaces the Adult Training Grants program authorized under JTPA and provides formula-based funding to States and territories to design and operate training programs for adults, including low-income individuals and public assistance recipients.

Dislocated Worker Assistance
Dislocated Worker Assistance is a State-operated program authorized under Title III of the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) which provides training, job search assistance and supportive services designed to help permanently separated workers return to productive, unsubsidized employment.

Dislocated Worker Employment and Training Activities
Dislocated Worker Activities, authorized under Title I of the Workforce Investment Act, is a State-operated program which replaces the Dislocated Worker Assistance program authorized under JTPA and provides reemployment services and retraining assistance to individuals permanently dislocated from their employment. In addition, States use these funds for rapid response assistance to help workers affected by mass layoffs and plant closures. Eighty percent of funding is distributed by formula to the States. The remaining twenty percent is available to the Secretary for activities specified in WIA, primarily to respond to mass layoffs, plant and/or military base closings, and natural disasters across the country, which cannot be otherwise anticipated, as well as technical assistance and training demonstration projects. The Trade Adjustment Assistance Reform Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-210, 8/6/2002) added new provisions to the Workforce Investment Act which authorize the use of national emergency grant funds to pay for the cost of certain healthcare insurance coverage for individuals eligible for the TAA and NAFTA-TAA programs.

Skills Shortage Grants
This budget item represents funding for competitive grants to local workforce boards and national skill alliances to identify skill shortages and target resources on industries struggling to fill jobs, identify workers needing training, and privide training and job placement services.

Youth Training Grants
Authorized by Title II, Part C, of the Job Training Partnership Act, this budget item is a formula-funded, State-operated program which provides training and related education and employment services to economically disadvantaged youth, both in school and out of school.

Summer Youth Employment & Training
Authorized by Title II, Part B, of the Job Training Partnership Act, the Summer Youth Employment and Training (SYETP) program is a formula-funded,State-operated program which provides temporary summer employment and academic enrichment to disadvantaged youth.

Youth Activities
Authorized by Title I of the Workforce Investment Act, Youth Activities replaces the former JTPA Youth Training Grants and Summer Youth Employment and Training Programs with a single funding stream to support a wide range of activities and services to prepare low-income youth for academic and employment success, including summer jobs. The new youth program is a formula-funded, State-operated program which links academic and occupational learning with youth development activities.

Youth Opportunity Grants
Authorized by Title I of the Workforce Investment Act, Youth Opportunity Grants provide funds to increase the long-term employment of youth who live in empowerment zones, enterprise communities, and similar high poverty areas.

Rewarding Youth Achievement
This budget item funds competitive grants to high poverty areas to provide low income youth with extended summer employment opportunities and end-of- summer bonuses for high academic achievement and job performance.

Migrant Youth
Authorized by Section 127 of the Workforce Investment Act, these funds are for youth employment and training activities related to migrant and seasonal farmworker programs.

Job Corps
Authorized by Title I of the Workforce Investment Act (and previously by Title IV, Part B, of the Job Training Partnership Act), Job Corps is the nation's largest residential education and training program for disadvantaged youth.

Native Americans
Authorized by Title I of the Workforce Investment Act (and previously by Title IV, Part A, of the Job Training Partnership Act), this program is designed to improve the economic well-being of Native Americans (Indians, Eskimos, Aleuts, and Native Hawaiians) through the provision of training, work experience, and other employment-related services and opportunities that are intended to aid the participants to secure permanent, unsubsidized jobs.

Migrants & Seasonal Farmworkers
Authorized by Title I of the Workforce Investment Act (and previously by Title IV, Part A, of the Job Training Partnership Act), this program is designed to serve members of economically disadvantaged families whose principal livelihood is gained in migratory and other forms of seasonal farmwork.

Veterans Employment
Title I of the Workforce Investment Act (and previously Section 441 of the Job Training and Partnership Act) requires the Secretary to conduct, directly or through grants or contractual agreements, special programs designed to meet unique employment and training needs of disabled, Vietnam-era and recently separated veterans.

Labor Market Information
Authorized by Title IV, Part D, of the Job Training Partnership Act, funding in this budget item is distributed to the States through reimbursable agreements to improve the quality of and/or increase use of access to labor market information through media releases, publications, seminars, packaged public or commercial software, or on-line delivery systems.

Research & Evaluation
This funding is authorized by Title IV of the Job Training Partnership Act and funds evaluation of ETA programs and demonstration initiatives, development and refinement of performance standards and standardized program information, research on worker assessment and testing, and other research that promotes understanding of ETA policy and program improvement.

Pilots & Demonstrations
This funding is authorized by Title IV of the Job Training Partnership Act for the purpose of developing and improving techniques and demonstrating the effectiveness of specialized methods in addressing employment and training needs.

Technical Assistance
This item funding is authorized by Section 170 of the Workforce Investment Act for the purpose of providing, coordinating, and supporting the development of appropriate technical assistance, staff development, and other activities, including assistance in replicating programs of demonstrated effectiveness.

Incentive Grants
This item is authorized by Section 503 of the Workforce Investment Act and contains funding for awards of incentive grants to States that exceed State adjusted levels of performance for WIA Title I State programs, WIA Adult Education and Literacy programs, and Carl T. Perkins Title I programs.

Pilots, Demos and Research
This funding is authorized by Section 171 of the Workforce Investment Act for the purpose of awarding grants or contracts to conduct research, pilots or demonstrations that improve techniques or demonstrate the effectiveness of programs.

H-1B Skill Training Grants
Authorized by the American Competitiveness and Workforce Improvement Act of 1998, as amended in 2000, this item is funded from H-1B fees, not from appropriations. The fees are collected from employers applying for foreign workers under the H-1B temporary alien labor certification program. These fees fund a demonstration program of grants to regional and local entities to provide technical skills for unemployed and incumbent workers.

Responsible Reintegration for Young Offenders
Authorized by the Workforce Investment Act, this item contains funding for a large-scale joint pilot and demonstration initiative with the Departments of Justice and Health and Human Services. It would link the resources of the workforce investment system to the criminal justice system serving individuals under 35 years of age and test new approaches for reintegrating these ex-offenders into the mainstream economy.

Evaluations
Authorized by Section 172 of the Workforce Investment Act, this item contains funding for the Secretary of Labor to provide for the continuing evaluation of programs conducted under WIA, as well as of federally-funded employment-related activities under other provisions of law.

Youth Fair Chance
This is a program of competitive grants and is a comprehensive, community-based initiative that transforms high schools to help students make the transition from school to work.

Opportunity Areas for Out-of-School Youth
See Youth Opportunity Grants.

National Occupation & Information Coordinating Committee (NOICC)
This committee was established under section 422 of the Carl D. Perkins Vocational Education Act to review the need for and application of all operating national data collection and processing systems related to labor market information, implement and maintain national standardized definitions with respect to labor market information, and provide technical assistance to States relating to labor market/occupational supply and demand information.

School-to-Work Opportunities
The School-to-Work Opportunities Act established this initiative to provide American youth with the knowledge and skills they need to make an effective transition from school to a first job in a high-skill, high-wage career.

National Skill Standards Advisory Board (NSSB)
The NSSB, established by the National Skill Standards Act of 1994, serves as a catalyst in stimulating the development and adoption of a voluntary national system of skill standards and of assessment and certification of attainment of skill standards that will serve as a cornerstone of the national strategy to enhance workforce skills, result in increased productivity, and that can be used by the Nation and by industries.

Glass Ceiling Commission
This Commission was established by the Glass Ceiling Act of 1991 (Title I of the Civil Rights Act of 1991) to examine issues raised by the Glass Ceiling Initiative (undertaken by the Department of Labor) to focus greater attention on the importance of eliminating artifical barriers to the advancement of women and minorities to management and decisionmaking positions in business, and promote work force diversity.

Women in Apprenticeship
This activity was mandated by the Women in Apprenticeship and Nontraditional Occupations Act to provide technical assistance to employers and labor unions to encourage employment of women in apprenticeable occupations and nontraditional occupations.

Paralympic Games
Funds in this budget item used by the Game's organizer for the following activities prior to, during, and following the Games: (1) training and employment costs of volunteers working in the Games; (2) training and staff costs for the days of the Games; and, (3) training and travel for officials of the Games.

Homeless Veterans
These funds for the Homeless Veterans Reintegration Project, to be administered through the Assistant Secretary for Veterans' Employment and Training, are designed to serve homeless veterans and place them in employment positions.

Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training
This office is totally funded from Program Operations and represents ETA federal staff who provide national/federal guidance and oversight to the National Apprenticeship System by promoting registered apprenticeship; providing technical assistance services to business and industry, labor organizations, and State agencies in developing and implementing high quality training and education programs.

Welfare-to-Work Jobs
In August 1996, the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act reformed the nation's welfare laws. A new system of block grants to the States for Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) was created, changing the nature and provision of welfare benefits in America. The new Balanced Budget Act of 1997, signed by the President on August 5, 1997, authorizes the U.S. Department of Labor to provide Welfare-to-Work Grants to States and local communities for fiscal years 1998 and 1999. These grants will be used to provide many welfare recipients with the job placement services, transitional employment, and other support services they need to make the successful progression into long-term unsubsidized employment.

Community Service Employment for Older Americans
The Community Service Employment for Older Americans appropriation finances Federal project grants to public and private nonprofit national-level organizations and to units of State government.

Unemployment Insurance Program
This budget item provides for funding the administration of State unemployment compensation programs which have been enacted pursuant to the Federal Unemployment Tax Act (Chapter 23, Internal Revenue Code) and Title III of the Social Security Act.

Employment Service
Authorized by the Wagner-Peyser Act of 1933, the public employment service is a nationwide system operated by the States which receive formula-funded allotments, with a network of over 1,800 local offices which provides no-fee employment services to individuals seeking employment and to employers seeking workers.

Reemployment Service Grants
These funds finance the reemployment needs of unemployed workers who lose their jobs through no fault of their own and who need extra job finding help.

One-Stop Career Centers
This budget item funds competitive grants to States to improve access to employment and training services by creating a national system of one-stop career centers.

Work Incentive Grants
These funds will provide competitive grants to improve access to and coordination of information, benefits, and services to enable individuals with disabilities to return to work.

Alien Labor Certification
These funds are provided for State certification of employer applications for admission of certain classes of pernament employment-based immigrant and nonimmigrant foreign workers.

Technical Assistance Training (TAT)/Capacity Building
Funds are provided for delivery of technical assistance developed under the cooperative agreements initiated in support of the Employment Service Revitalization in 1994 and for responding to priorities in support of the integration of the Employment Service into the One-Stop Career Center system and transition to a new workforce development system.

State Employment Security Agency (SESA) Retirement
This budget item funds payments to certain specified States to fund the annual amortization costs of independent retirement plans of State employment service agencies.

Work Opportunities Tax Credit
Originally authorized by the Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996 and reauthorized by the Tax and Trade Relief Extension Act of 1998, through June 30, 1999, these funds are provided for State administration of the program, including certification of employer eligibility for federal tax credit for hiring of individuals from targeted groups.

AgNet
This budget item funds America's Agricultural Labor Network (AgNet), a new information system devoted to the agriculture industry that allows growers to find workers and workers to find employment opportunities that meet their needs.

Program Operations
This activity funds Federal staff for leadership, policy direction and administration of all ETA programs, including support activities and the Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training .

Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) Benefits
This activity provides for weekly adjustment benefit payments to workers partially or totally separated from firms which make products or provide certain services affected by imports.

Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) Training
This activity provides funds for training, job search allowances, and job relocation allowances to workers certified by the Department as adversely affected by trade imports.

North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Benefits
This activity provides for weekly adjustment benefit payments to workers partially or totally separated from firms which make products or provide services affected by imports from Mexico or Canada or which moved operations to Mexico or Canada.

North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Training
This activity provides funds for training, job search allowances, and job relocation allowances to workers certified by the Department as adversely affected by imports from Mexico and Canada or whose employers moved operations to Mexico or Canada.

Advances to the Unemployment Trust Fund
This appropriation provides general fund advances to several trust and general fund accounts for the purposes authorized under various Federal and State unemployment compensation laws whenever the balances in such accounts prove insufficient or whenever reimbursement of an account for expended funds is provided for by law.