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Federal Budget Process Participants


Many offices of the Executive Branch of the government take part in the Formulation of President's Budget:

    Budget policy developmentinvolves
  • the OMB
  • the President

    Formulating Agency estimates involves
  • the Agencies
  • the OMB

    Review and decisions involve
  • the Agencies
  • the OMB
  • the President

    Submittal to Congress involves
  • the President


Many offices of both the Executive Branch and the Legislative Branch of the government take part in the Congressional Budget Process :

    Development of Budget Targets involves
  • Congress (Legislative Branch)
  • the Congressional Budget Office (Legislative Branch)

    Action on Individual Bills involves
  • the Agencies (Executive Branch)
  • Congress (Legislative Branch)

    Reconciliation involves
  • Congress (Legislative Branch)

    Enactment of Appropriationsinvolves
  • the President (Executive Branch)
  • Congress (Legislative Branch)


Many offices of the Executive Branch of the government take part in the Execution of Enacted Budget :

    Making the funds available involves
  • the Agencies
  • the OMB
  • the Treasury

    Control over funds involves
  • the Agencies
  • the OMB

    Expenditure of funds involves
  • the Agencies
  • the Treasury


Many offices in both the Executive Branch and the Legislative Branch of the government take part in the Review and Audit process:

    the Review process involves
  • the Agencies (Executive Branch)
  • the OMB (Executive Branch)
  • the GAO (Legislative Branch)

    The Audit process involves
  • the GAO (Legislative Branch)