The Economic Dislocation and Worker Adjustment Assistance Act (EDWAA) amended
Title III of the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA), and provides funds to States and local
substate grantees so they can help dislocated workers find and qualify for new jobs. It is
part of a comprehensive approach to aiding workers who have lost their jobs that also
includes provisions of the Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification (WARN) Act and
the Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) program.|
Workers who have lost their jobs and are unlikely to return to their previous industries or occupations are eligible for the program. This includes workers who lose their jobs because of plant closures or mass layoffs; long-term unemployed persons with limited job opportunities in their fields; and farmers, ranchers and other self-employed persons who become unemployed due to general economic conditions. Under certain circumstances, States may also authorize service for displaced homemakers.
SERVICE DELIVERY STRUCTURE
Each State is divided into substate areas. The programs are designed and operated at the local level, where the decisions about who can be served and which services will be offered are made based on local labor market needs and opportunities, and available resources.
The Governor of each State designates a Dislocated Worker Unit which has the primary responsibility for overall administration and management of the program, including the establishment of a system to respond rapidly to major worker dislocations. Funds are made available to the States each year using a distribution formula based on unemployment in each State.
EDWAA authorizes an array of comprehensive and timely retraining and readjustment services. States and local substate grantees can tailor the services to meet participants' individual needs based on the funds available. These services include:
Rapid Response. Each State has a Dislocated Worker Unit (DWU) which receives notices of plant closures and mass layoffs covered under the Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act (WARN). When a DWU obtains information about a major layoff, it can respond with on-site services to assist workers facing job losses. The DWU may also help to set up a labor-management committee at the worksite and/or assist in efforts to avert worker dislocations
Retraining Services. Workers can receive classroom, occupational skills, and/or on-the-job training to qualify for jobs in demand. Basic and remedial education, entrepreneurial training, and instruction in literacy or English-as-a-second-language may be provided.
Readjustment Services. These include: outreach and intake; testing and counseling; development of individual service plans; labor market information; job development; job search and placement; supportive services (including child care and transportation allowances); relocation assistance and pre-layoff assistance programs.
Needs Related Payments. Dislocated workers in training who have exhausted their unemployment insurance (UI) benefits may receive needs-related payments while they complete training.
Certificates of Continuing Eligibility. These certificates allow eligible dislocated workers to defer the start of retraining, or to obtain their own retraining.
NATIONAL RESERVE ACCOUNT (NRA): States and substate areas may apply for NRA grants from the Department of Labor's Employment and Training Administration (ETA) if they need additional funds to administer and operate projects for eligible workers dislocated due to mass layoffs, plant closures, disasters, and Federal government actions.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION: Workers, employers, and anyone interested in learning more about the EDWAA program and the services available should contact the appropriate State Dislocated Worker Unit at the phone number listed on the back, or write: Office of Worker Retraining and Adjustment Programs, U.S. Department of Labor, Room N-5426, 200 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20210.
STATE PHONE STATE PHONE Alabama (334) 242-5893 Nebraska (402) 471-9903 Alaska (907) 269-4658 Nevada (702) 687-4310 Arizona (602) 542-2484 New Hampshire (603) 228-9500 Arkansas (501) 682-3137 New Jersey (800) 343-3919 California (916) 654-9212 New Mexico (505) 827-6846 Colorado (303) 758-5020 New York (518) 457-3101 Connecticut (203) 566-7550 North Carolina (919) 733-6383 Delaware (302) 368-6913 North Dakota (701) 328-2843 Dist. of Col. (202) 673-4434 Ohio (614) 466-3817 Florida (904) 488-9250 Oklahoma (405) 557-7294 Georgia (404) 656-6336 Oregon (503) 373-1995 Hawaii (808) 586-9067 Pennsylvania (717) 787-9282 Idaho (208) 334-6303 Puerto Rico (809) 754-5633 Illinois (217) 785-6006 Rhode Island (401) 277-3450 Indiana (317) 232-7461 South Carolina (803) 737-2601 Iowa (515) 281-9013 South Dakota (605) 773-5017 Kansas (913) 296-7876 Tennessee (615) 741-1031 Kentucky (502) 564-5630 Texas (512) 320-9834 Louisiana (504) 342-7664 Utah (801) 538-8757 Maine (207) 287-3377 Vermont (802) 828-4177 Maryland (410) 767-2832 Virginia (804) 786-3037 Massachusetts (617) 727-8158 Washington (206) 438-4611 Michigan (517) 335-0056 West Virginia (304) 558-1847 Minnesota (612) 296-7918 Wisconsin (608) 266-0745 Mississippi (601) 949-2234 Wyoming (307) 235-3601 Missouri (314) 751-7796 Montana (406) 444-4500 U.S. Department of Labor, Office of Worker Retraining (202) 219-5577
This is one of a series of fact sheets highlighting U.S. Department of Labor programs. It is intended as a general description only and does not carry the force of legal opinion.