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Description of Labor Surplus Areas

A Labor Surplus Area (LSA) is a civil jurisdiction that has a civilian average annual unemployment rate during the previous two calendar years of 20 percent or more above the average annual civilian unemployment rate for all states during the same 24-month reference period. Only official unemployment estimates provided to ETA by the Bureau of Labor Statistics are used in making these classifications. The average unemployment rate for all states includes data for the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. The basic LSA classification criteria include a "floor unemployment rate." A civil jurisdiction must have an unemployment rate of 6.0% or higher to be classified a LSA and a "ceiling unemployment rate" (10.0%). Any civil jurisdiction that has an unemployment rate of 10% or higher is classified a LSA.

Civil jurisdictions are defined as follows:

  1. A city of at least 25,000 population on the basis of the most recently available estimates from the Bureau of the Census; or
  2. A town or township in the States of Michigan, New Jersey, New York, or Pennsylvania of 25,000 or more population and which possess powers and functions similar to those of cities; or
  3. A county, except those counties which contain any type of civil jurisdictions defined in A or B above and a county in the States of Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island; or
  4. A "balance of county" consisting of a county less any component cities and townships identified in paragraphs A or B above; or
  5. A county equivalent which is a town (with a population of at least 25,000) in the New England States or a municipio in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

Designation of LSAs under Exceptional Circumstance Criteria:

The classification procedures also provide for the designation of LSAs under exceptional circumstance criteria. These procedures permit the regular classification criteria to be waived when an area experiences a significant increase in unemployment which is not temporary or seasonal and which was not reflected in the data for the 2-year reference period. Under the program's exceptional circumstance procedures, LSA classifications can be made for civil jurisdictions, Metropolitan Statistical Areas or Combined Statistical Areas, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget. In order for an area to be classified as a LSA under the exceptional circumstance criteria, the state workforce agency must submit a petition requesting such classification to the Department of Labor's ETA. The current criteria for an exceptional circumstance classification are: an area's unemployment rate is at least the LSA qualifying rate for each of the three most recent months; a projected unemployment rate of at least the LSA qualifying rate for each of the next 12 months; and documentation (a list of the areas with the average unemployment rate of three most recent months) that the exceptional circumstance event has already occurred. The state workforce agency may file petitions on behalf of civil jurisdictions, as well as Metropolitan Statistical Areas or Micropolitan Statistical Areas. The addresses of state workforce agencies are available on the ETA Web site at: http://www.doleta.gov/programs/lsa.cfm and https://winwin.workforce3one.org/view/Labor_Surplus_Area_List_Issued/info. State Workforce Agencies may submit petitions in electronic format to wright.samuel.e@dol.gov, or in hard copy to the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, Office of Workforce Investment, 200 Constitution Avenue Room C-4510, Attention Samuel Wright.

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