Disability and Employment Online

Laws and Regulations

The Rehabilitation Act

Incorporated as Title IV of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act, The Rehabilitation Act authorizes the formula grant programs of vocational rehabilitation, supported employment, and client assistance. It also authorizes a variety of training and service discretionary grants administered by the U.S. Department of Education. The Act also includes a variety of provisions focused on rights, advocacy and protections for individuals with disabilities.

  • Section 503 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 prohibits discrimination and requires employers with federal contracts or subcontracts that exceed $10,000 to take affirmative action to hire, retain, and promote qualified individuals with disabilities. This section is enforced by the Department of Labor's Employment Standards Administration's Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP).
  • Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities in any federal program or activity.
  • Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 requires that electronic and information technology developed, procured, maintained, or used by the Federal government be accessible to people with disabilities.