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Employment and Training Administration (ETA)

Equal Employment Opportunity

Outreach & Recruitment Resources

Resources for Recruiting Apprentices Without Regard to Race, Sex, Ethnicity, or Disability

By expanding efforts to recruit diverse candidates, sponsors can ensure that they are accessing all available talent - and that qualified individuals from groups currently underrepresented in apprenticeship programs, such as persons of color, individuals with disabilities, women, and others, have equal opportunities to become apprentices. In fact, effective July 17, 2017, the apprenticeship Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) regulations require Registered Apprenticeship program sponsors registered with the federal Office of Apprenticeship to ensure that their outreach to, and recruitment of, apprentices extend to all persons available for apprenticeship within their relevant recruitment area without regard to race, sex, ethnicity, or disability. (Apprenticeship programs registered with State Apprenticeship Agencies (SAAs) will be subject to the same requirements after their revised State EEO Plans are approved by the Office of Apprenticeship (OA).)

Specifically, Registered Apprenticeship sponsors are required to:

  • Develop, and update annually, a current list of recruitment sources that will generate referrals from all demographic groups within the relevant recruitment area.
  • Identify a contact person, mailing address, telephone number, and e-mail address for each recruitment source.
  • Provide recruitment sources with advance notice (preferably 30 days) of apprenticeship openings, to give them time to identify and refer candidates.

To support sponsors in this effort, the U.S. Department of Labor, Office of Apprenticeship, is providing a directory of national organizations and umbrella groups that have state or local chapters or affiliates, that may generate referrals from all demographic groups within the relevant recruitment area. Sponsors can follow the links to these organizations' websites, or call the organizations, to see if they have state or local affiliates in the sponsors' geographic areas from which sponsors can recruit potential apprentices. The state or local affiliates might also be able to identify other sources of potential apprentices in their areas.

The directory also contains links to a number of pre-apprenticeship programs that help individuals who are interested in apprenticeships in the building trades, most of which are more geographically targeted.

The directory contains information and hypertext pointers to information created and maintained by other public and private organizations. It must be emphasized that OA does not control or guarantee the accuracy, relevance, timeliness, or completeness of this outside information. Further, the inclusion of pointers to particular items in hypertext is not intended to endorse any views expressed or implied or recommend products or services offered by the author of the reference or the organization operating the site on which the reference is maintained.

The Department of Labor reserves the right to exclude or terminate from the list any organization that espouses or supports any policy, position or cause that could conceivably embarrass the Department of Labor or conflicts with departmental policies, programs, procedures and responsibilities.

Questions? Please email

How to Use the Directory of Outreach and Recruitment Resources

This directory will help you identify organizations in your recruitment area that may generate referrals of potential apprentices from a diverse population. Some of these organizations focus on specific populations, such as women, persons of color, or individuals with disabilities, and others serve the general public.

You are encouraged to visit the websites of the organizations in the directory, find out if the national organizations have any affiliates that serve your area, and determine if those affiliates are likely to generate referrals of potential apprentices. You may need to contact the local organizations to get information about whether they are likely to generate such referrals. For example, a local affiliate that focuses on providing health care is less likely to be able to identify individuals who are seeking employment than a local affiliate that provides workforce training. You will also want to confirm the local organization's contact person, mailing address, telephone number, and e-mail address, as you will need to include this information on the outreach and recruitment list that you are developing.

If you determine that a local organization is likely to be a source of job seekers for your program, include it on your list of recruitment sources. This is the list to which you will send notices of openings in your program in the future. You may also want to let the affiliate know that you will send it these notices, and explain a little bit about your program so that the affiliate's staff understand how and why they should refer potential apprenticeship applicants to you.

In addition, all sponsors should reach out to their local public workforce centers, known as American Job Centers or One-Stop Centers. These offices are located in communities throughout the country and part of their mission is to identify and screen qualified job candidates for employers, free of charge. Find your local American Job Center at the American Job Center site list.

Please note that while this directory includes many organizations, it is not exhaustive, and simply using it may not be sufficient to satisfy the requirement that you "develop a current list of recruitment sources that will generate referrals from all demographic groups within the relevant recruitment area." To be sure that your list will generate such referrals, you may need to identify additional recruitment sources in your state or local area.

Please refer back to this directory when you update your list every year, as the directory will be expanded over time.

When A Sponsor Has Upcoming Openings in its Apprenticeship Program

When you have apprenticeship openings, reach out to the recruitment sources on your list to provide them advance notice - preferably 30 days' advance notice - so that the sources can notify and refer candidates. Provide the sources with the following information:

  • Availability of specific apprenticeship opportunities
  • Requirements for apprentice selection
  • Application procedures

In addition, the apprenticeship opportunity announcements that you send must include your Equal Opportunity Pledge, as follows:

[Name of sponsor] will not discriminate against apprenticeship applicants or apprentices based on race, color, religion, national origin, sex (including pregnancy and gender identity), sexual orientation, genetic information, or because they are an individual with a disability or a person 40 years old or older. [Name of sponsor] will take affirmative action to provide equal opportunity in apprenticeship and will operate the apprenticeship program as required under Title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulations, part 30.