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Trade Act Programs: Key Terms Defined

Approvable Training: 1) There is no suitable employment available for an adversely affected worker; 2) The worker would benefit from appropriate training; 3) There is a reasonable expectation of employment following completion such training; 4) Training approved by the Secretary is reasonably available to the worker from either governmental agencies or private sources; 5) The worker is qualified to undertake and complete such training; 6) Such training is suitable for the worker and available at a reasonable cost.


Certification Date: The date on which a TAA or NAFTA-TAA petition was certified.


Eligible Training Providers: A public or private provider of a training program that has been determined by the state or local workforce investment board to meet specific requirements as to performance and costs and, thus, is eligible to receive Trade and/or WIA funds.


Ending (Expiration) Date: The date on a Trade Act certification (TAA or NAFTA-TAA) by which a worker must be laid off in order to be covered by that certification.


Impact Date: The date on the Trade Act certification (TAA or NAFTA-TAA) when total or partial layoffs began or threatened to begin. The impact date can be up to one year prior to the date of the petition.


North American Free Trade Agreement--Transitional Adjustment Assistance: A federal program to assist workers to re-enter the workforce after they have become unemployed because of imports from or shift in production to Mexico and/or Canada.


On-the-Job Training: Training provided by an employer to an employee who is engaged in productive work.


Primary Firm: A firm directly affected by increased imports from or shift in production to Canada and/or Mexico.


Rapid Response: Early intervention service provided by the state or by an entity designated by the state with funds provided by the state, in the event of a permanent closure or mass layoff at a plant, facility or enterprise, or a natural or other disaster, that results in mass job dislocation, in order to assist dislocated workers in obtaining reemployment as soon as possible. Learn more about Rapid Response.


Reemployment Services: Basic services provided to trade-affected workers by workforce development agencies include the following: employment registration, employment counseling, vocational testing, job referral, job development, supportive services, job search workshop, and job finding club.


Remedial Education: Courses designed to increase educational level in certain areas of study (such as reading, math and language), that allow the participant to meet entry level requirements of a training program.


Secondary Firm: Firms that supply materials and/or components to a primary firm (supplier firm), firms that assemble or finish products made by a primary firm (upstream producers) and family farmers or farm workers who do not meet the "group of workers" eligibility requirements.


Secondarily Affected Workers: A group of workers employed by supplier firms, upstream producers and farmers or farm workers employed by family farms whose employment has been adversely affected by the primary firm's trade with or shifts in production to Canada or Mexico.


Suitable Employment: Work of a substantially equal or higher skill level, paying not less than 80% of the worker's average weekly wage, which does not include self-employment or employment as an independent contractor.


Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA): A federal program that provides assistance such as job search, relocation assistance, retraining, income support, etc. to workers who have become unemployed because of imports.


Trade Readjustment Allowance (TRA): A weekly allowance payable to an adversely affected worker enrolled in or waived from training after entitlement to unemployment compensation has been exhausted.


Unemployment Compensation (UC) or Unemployment Insurance (UI): Weekly benefits payable to an individual under state or federal unemployment compensation law and includes regular compensation, additional compensation, extended compensation, and federal supplemental compensation.


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